Livestock Wing

Animal Husbandry Commissioner :

Assistan Animal Husbandry Commissioner: Dr. Javed Iqbal

Headquarter: Room # 820, 8th Floor, Shaheed-e-Millat Secretariat, Islamabad

Phone: +92-51-9221357

Fax: +92-51-9206303

 

INTRODUCTION:

Livestock sector occupies a unique position in the economic development of the country. The sector provides net source of foreign earnings, food security,cash income on daily basis, a source of employment generation at rural level, helping to reduce income variabilityon crop failure due to any reason. It is central to the livelihood of the rural poor in the country and plays an important role in poverty alleviation derives and socioeconomic uplift of our rural masses.

Livestock contributed approximately 55.4 percent to the agriculture value added and 11.3 percent to national GDP during 2012-13registering 2.48% growth in agriculture value added and marginal growth of 0.9% to national GDP when compared to last year. Gross value addition of livestock at constant cost factor has increased from Rs. 1,130 billion (2010-12) to Rs. 1172 billion (2012-13) showing an increase of 3.7 % as compared to previous year.

FUNCTIONS OF LIVESTOCK WING

Consequent upon 18th Constitutional amendment, the Ministry of Livestock & Dairy Development was abolished on 5th April 2010. The technical staff of the ministry was initially attached with the M/O Commerce and later with newly created M/O National Food Security & Research in February 2012. Livestock department is allocated following functions:

1. Animal Quarantine Departments / stations / facilities located any where in Pakistan

2. Veterinary drugs, vaccines and animal feed additives:

         i. Import and export;

         ii. Procurement from abroad for Federal requirements and for inter-provincial supplies.

3. Livestock, poultry and livestock products:

         •  Import and export; and

         •  Laying down national grades

4. Grading of agricultural commodities other than food grains for export

  Livestock Wing with its redefined mandate continued regulatory measures that included allowing import of high yielding animals, semen and embryos for crossbreeding; duty free import of veterinary dairy and livestock machinery / equipment, allowing import of feed inputs, vaccines at zero rates etc. In order to reduce input costs in livestock / poultry feed production, certain feed ingredients, growth promoters, vitamin premixes have been zero rated. Sales tax exemption has been allowed in order to encourage establishment of value added industry in the country.

 

POLICIES

Govt. policy is aimed at private sector led development of livestock and moving from subsistence farming to market-oriented and commercial farming covering entire value chain with Govt providing enabling environment. The overall thrust of Government livestock policy is to foster "private sector-led development with public sector providing enabling environment through policy interventions and play capacity building role for improved livestock husbandry practices". The emphasis will be on improving per unit animal productivity and moving from subsistence to market oriented and then commercial livestock farming in the country to meet the domestic demand and surplus for export.The livestock development strategy revolves around the followings:

  1. Public Private Partnership led development
  2. National Economic growth
  3. Poverty Alleviation
  4. Food Security
  5. Improve Livestock service delivery
  6. Expand opportunities for livelihood needs of farmers
  7. Enhance Foreign Exchange Earnings

GOVERNMENT CURRENT POLICY MEASURES AND INCENTIVES FORLIVESTOCK SECTOR

Livestock Wing with its redefined mandate continued regulatory measures to improve the pace of development in livestock sector with focus on value addition. It included the followings:

  1. The import of agro based machinery/equipment including machinery and equipment related to livestock farming and dairy processing units is allowed at zero tariffs.
  2. Import of high yielding exotic dairy and beef animals and their semen/embryo are allowed.
  3. Sales tax exemption has been allowed to processed milk, yogurt, cheese and flavored milk, butter, cream.
  4. Establishment of temporary quarantine station has been allowed in the private sector. Furthermore, these facilities can be utilized/ shared by any other livestock importer.
  5. In order to reduce input costs in poultry production; import duty on poultry vaccines, feed additives, coccidiostats, growth promoters premixes, vitamin premixes, fish feed, Zinc sulphate, Copper sulphate used in poultry feed has been zero rated.
  6. Sales tax exemption has been granted to un cooked poultry meat .

LIVESTOCK STATISTICS

The livestock population for the last three years is given below.

Livestock Population (Million No)  

Species 

2010-11 1

2011-12 1

2012-13 1

GR %

Cattle

35.6

36.9

38.3

3.77

Buffalo

31.7

32.7

33.7

2.97

Sheep

28.1

28.4

28.8

1.18

Goat

61.5

63.1

64.9

2.71

Camels

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.30

Horses

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.58

Asses

4.7

4.8

4.9

1.85

Mules

0.2

0.2

0.2

1.76

Notes:

•  Estimated Figure based on inter census growth rate of Livestock Census 1996 & 2006

The major products of livestock are milk and meat, the production of which for last three years are given below.

Milk and Meat Production

Species

Units

2010-11 1

2011-12 1

2012-13 1

Milk (Gross Production)

000 Tons

46,440

47,951

49,512

Cow

"

16,133

16,741

17,372

Buffalo

"

28,694

29,565

30,462

Sheep 2

"

36

37

37

Goat

"

759

779

801

Camel 2

"

818

829

840

Milk (Human Consumption) 3

000 Tons

37,475

38,690

39,945

Cow

"

12,906

13,393

13,897

Buffalo

"

22,955

23,652

24,370

Sheep

"

36

37

37

Goat

"

759

779

801

Camel

"

818

829

840

Meat 4

000 Tons

3,095

3,232

3,379

Beef

"

1,711

1,769

1,829

Mutton

"

616

629

643

Poultry meat

"

767

834

907

Notes

  1. The figures for milk and meat production for the indicated years are calculated by applying milk production parameters to the projected population of respective years based on the inter census growth rate of livestock census 1996-2006
  2. The figures for the Milk production for the indicated years are calculated after adding the production of milk from camel and sheep to the figures reported in the livestock census 2006.
  3. Milk for human consumption is derived by subtracting 20% (15% wastage in transportation and 5% in calving) of the gross milk production of cows and Buffalo .
  4. The figures for meat production are of red meat and do not include the edible offal's.

The production of other livestock products for the last three years is given below. 

  Estimated Livestock Products Production

Species

Units

2010-11 1

2011-12 1

2012-13 1

Eggs

Million No's

12,457

13,144

13,813

Hides

000 No's

13,481

13,938

14,410

Cattle

"

6,741

6,995

7,258

Buffalo

"

6,640

6,842

7,050

Camels

"

100

101

102

Skins

000 No's

48,478

49,582

50,713

Sheep Skin

"

10,620

10,745

10,873

Goat Skin

"

23,685

24,237

24,986

Fancy Skin

"

14,173

14,509

14,854

Lamb skin

"

3,154

3,192

3,229

Kid skin

"

11,019

11,318

11,624

Wool

000 Tons

42.5

43.0

43.6

Hair

"

23.2

23.8

24.4

Edible Offal's

"

344

353

363

Blood

"

58.3

59.8

61.3

Guts

000 No's

48,974

50,089

51,232

Casings

"

14,347

14,832

15,333

Horns & Hooves

000 Tons

49.5

50.9

52.5

Bones

"

735.1

757.5

780.5

Fats

"

234.8

241.7

248.8

Dung

"

1,039

1,071

1,104

Urine

"

320

329

338

Head & Trotters

"

214.0

220.1

226.3

Ducks, Drakes & Ducklings

Million No's

0.6

0.5

0.5

  Notes

  1. The figures for livestock product for the indicated years were calculated by applying production parameters to the projected population of respective years.

The population growth, increase in per capita income and export avenue is fueling the demand of livestock and livestock products. The rise in production cost has increased the retailer's & consumer's price index for milk, yogurt, meat, eggs etc. The overall livestock development strategy revolves to foster "private sector-led development with public sector providing enabling environment through policy interventions and play capacity building role to improve livestock husbandry practices". The emphasis will be on improving per unit animal productivity and moving from subsistence to market oriented and then commercial livestock farming in the country to meet the domestic demand and surplus for export. The objective is to exploit potentials of our livestock sector and use it as engine for economic growth and food security for the country leading to rural population empowerment and rural socioeconomic development / uplift.

POULTRY

Poultry sector is one of the organized and vibrant segments of agriculture industry of Pakistan . This sector generates employment (direct/indirect) and income for about 1.5 million people. Its contribution in agriculture GDP is 4.81%, Livestock GDP 12 % and national GDP at constant cost factor 1.4%. Poultry meat contributes 25.8% of the total meat production in the country. The current investment in Poultry Industry is more than Rs. 200.00 billion. Poultry sector has shown a robust growth @ 8-10 percent annually which reflects its inherent potential. The poultry value added at constant cost factor has increased from Rs. 75246 million (2010-11) to 80,577 million (2011-12) showing an increase of 7% as compared to previous year.

The production of commercial and rural poultry and products for last three years is given below:

Domestic/Rural & Commercial Poultry

Type

Units

2010-11 1

2011-12 1

2012-13 1

Domestic Poultry

Million No's

78.51

79.68

80.87

Cocks

"

9.84

10.10

10.38

Hens

"

37.42

38.09

38.78

Chicken

"

31.25

31.48

31.72

Eggs 2

"

3742

3809

3878

Meat

000 Tons

104.43

106.51

108.62

Duck, Drake & Duckling

Million No's

0.56

0.54

0.52

Eggs 2

"

25.18

24.13

23.13

Meat

000 Tons

0.77

0.73

0.70

Commercial Poultry

 

 

 

 

Layers

Million No's

32.54

34.82

37.25

Broilers

"

542.74

597.02

656.72

Breeding Stock

"

8.81

9.25

9.71

Day Old Chicks

"

566.89

623.58

685.94

Eggs 2

Million No's

8,690

9,281

9,912

Meat

000 Tons

662.18

726.66

797.47

Total Poultry

 

 

 

 

Day Old Chicks

Million No's

598

655

718

Poultry Birds

"

663

721

785

Eggs

"

12,457

13,114

13,813

Poultry Meat

000 Tons

767

834

907

Notes:

•  The figures for the indicated years are statistically calculated using the figures of 2005-06.

•  The figures for Eggs (Farming) and Eggs (Desi) are calculated using the poultry parameters for egg production.

FUTURE PLANS

Consequent upon 18 th Constitutional Amendment, the animal health and production chapters have been devolved to the provinces and now Livestock Wing, M/O National Food Security and Research has redefined its role under new mandate to serve as catalyst in the development of livestock in the country. The future plan for livestock sector is to persuade the policies to achieve more growth in meat and milk productionthrough shifting from subsistence livestock farming to market-oriented and commercial farming covering entire value chain from farm to fork. The future road map is to assist and promote activities to ensure Food security by encouraging Value added livestock industry, diversification of livestock products, Controlling Trans-boundary Animal Diseases of trade and economic importance through provincial participation. The future policy priorities therefore revolve around encouraging Public Private Partnership led development with Govt. providing enabling environment through following strategy:

Goal / Targets

 

Action Plan / Activities

Increase in livestock productivity (milk, meat , eggs)

 

  1. Allowing import of high yielding dairy animals
  2. Allowing import of semen / embryo of high yielding animal breeds
  3. Encourage provincial livestock department and private sector to establish and expand artificial insemination services in public and private sector;
  4. Encourage provincial livestock department to strengthen Semen Production Units;
  5. Encourage & promote use of modern technology of embryo transfer ; and
  6. Encourage provincial livestock department and private sector to promote and propagate elite animals through breed improvement programs in public and private sector.

Promotion of export of livestock and livestock products and byproducts.

  1. Encouragement of establishment of export oriented abattoirs and livestock by products processing units (animal casing, gelatin, bone products, horns and hoofs etc. in the private sector ;
  2. Develop livestock export parameters and procedures for facilitation & transparency;
  3. Encourage establishment of value added Industry in livestock sector ;
  4. Facilitate in import of machinery / equipment used in value addition of livestock products; and
  5. Efforts will be made for market access of our livestock products and byproducts.

Control of Transboundary livestock diseases

  1. Provincial livestock departments will be encouraged to initiate programs to control diseases of trade and economic importance; and
  2. The technical and financial assistance of foreign donor institutions ( FAO , USA etc. ) will be sought to start programs on livestock disease control.

Improvement of Animal Quarantine Stations.

 

 

  1. New projects for establishment of Animal Quarantine Offices will be initiated; and
  2. Programs to improve & strengthen facilities of Animal Quarantine Department and capacity of the staff.